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amakuru

Ibintu bigira ingaruka kuri antenne

1. Ukurikije imiterere yakazi, irashobora kugabanywa mu kwanduza antenne no kwakira antene.

2. Ukurikije intego, irashobora kugabanywamo antenne yitumanaho, antenne yerekana, antenne ya TV, antara ya radar, nibindi.

3. Ukurikije uburebure bwumurimo ukora, irashobora kugabanywa muri antenne ndende ndende, antenne ndende, antenne yo hagati, antenne ngufi, antenne ya ultra short wave, antenna ya microwave, nibindi.

4. Ukurikije imiterere n'ihame ry'akazi, birashobora kugabanywa muri antenne y'umurongo na antenne yo hejuru.Ibipimo biranga antenne ni igishushanyo, coefficient de directeur, inyungu, impedance yinjiza, imikorere yimirasire, polarisiyasi ninshuro.

Antenne irashobora kugabanwa muburyo bubiri ukurikije umubare wibipimo: antenne imwe-imwe na antenne-ebyiri.Antenna imwe-imwe igizwe ninsinga nyinshi.Izi nsinga ni imirongo igororotse ikoreshwa muri terefone igendanwa, cyangwa imiterere yubwenge, nkinsinga.Amatwi ashaje yakoreshwaga kuri televiziyo.Monopole na antenne ebyiri-ebyiri ni antenne ebyiri zingenzi zingenzi.Antenne-yuburyo bubiri iratandukanye cyane, harimo urupapuro rusa (igice cya kare cyicyuma), umurongo-umeze (uduce twinshi muburyo butunganijwe neza-buringaniye), kimwe namahembe asa nisahani.

Antenna ya sitasiyo fatizo igira uruhare runini muri sisitemu yitumanaho yose, cyane cyane itumanaho nkahantu ho gutumanaho.Antenne ikunze gukoreshwa harimo ibirahuri bya fibre byongerewe imbaraga za antenne yunguka cyane, antenne yimpeta enye (antenne yimpeta umunani), na antenne yerekeza.

Ukurikije ibyavuzwe haruguru.Hariho bimwe bigira ingaruka kuri antene.Ibintu bisanzwe, nkimisozi, ibiti, amazu, nibindi hariho ikirere, kuko ibicu byerekana antene.Iya kabiri ni ukwivanga kwa antene.Hanyuma, hariho izindi mbogamizi za electromagnetic, nkiminara ya terefone ngendanwa, iminara ya TV, niminara yo gutangaza.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Ukuboza-13-2021